前言

首先看一下接口定义


public interface FactoryBean<T> {

    /**
     * 返回对象实例
     */
    @Nullable
    T getObject() throws Exception;

    /**
     * 返回对象类型,
     */
    @Nullable
    Class<?> getObjectType();

    /**
     * 该工厂管理的对象是否为单例?
     */
    default boolean isSingleton() {
        return true;
    }

}
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由接口定义可以看出来,实现这个接口的bean不是主要功能,getObject()创建的对象才是重点。那么在这我们就可以猜到了,可以是使用FactoryBean创建一些实例化过程比较复杂的bean

FactoryBean的注册

FactoryBean的处理逻辑在AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean方法内


protected <T> T doGetBean(
            final String name, final Class<T> requiredType, final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly)
            throws BeansException {
        //获取bean名称
        final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);
        Object bean;
			  //省略部分内容
            //这里就是FactoryBean的相关处理,下面会展开说
            bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
			 //省略部分内容

        return (T) bean;
    }
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看一下具体的逻辑,这里需要注意Spring关于bean的name有个潜规则,凡是以&开头的bean名称都默认为FactoryBean


protected Object getObjectForBeanInstance(
        Object beanInstance, String name, String beanName, @Nullable RootBeanDefinition mbd) {

	  // 如果beanName以工厂引用&开头
    if (BeanFactoryUtils.isFactoryDereference(name)) {
        if (beanInstance instanceof NullBean) {
            return beanInstance;
        }
        // 如果name以&开头,而beanInstance不是FactoryBean类型,则抛异常
        if (!(beanInstance instanceof FactoryBean)) {
            throw new BeanIsNotAFactoryException(transformedBeanName(name), beanInstance.getClass());
        }
    }

    // 如果beanInstance不是FactoryBean类型,则直接返回beanInstance
    // 或者name以&开头,也直接返回beanInstance,说明我们就想获取FactoryBean实例
    if (!(beanInstance instanceof FactoryBean) || BeanFactoryUtils.isFactoryDereference(name)) {
        return beanInstance;
    }

    Object object = null;
    if (mbd == null) {
        object = getCachedObjectForFactoryBean(beanName);
    }
    if (object == null) {
        // 此时beanInstance是FactoryBean类型,而name又不是以&开头; 这是我们示例工程的情况,也是最普通、用的最多的情况
        // 将beanInstance强转成FactoryBean类型
        FactoryBean<?> factory = (FactoryBean<?>) beanInstance;
        // 从缓存中获取我们需要的实例对象
        if (mbd == null && containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
            mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
        }
        boolean synthetic = (mbd != null && mbd.isSynthetic());
        // 调用FactoryBean的getObject方法创建我们需要的实例对象
        object = getObjectFromFactoryBean(factory, beanName, !synthetic);
    }
    return object;
}

protected Object getObjectFromFactoryBean(FactoryBean<?> factory, String beanName, boolean shouldPostProcess) {
    //针对单例的处理
    if (factory.isSingleton() && containsSingleton(beanName)) {
        synchronized (getSingletonMutex()) {
            Object object = this.factoryBeanObjectCache.get(beanName);
            if (object == null) {
                //通过factory.getObject获取
                object = doGetObjectFromFactoryBean(factory, beanName);
                Object alreadyThere = this.factoryBeanObjectCache.get(beanName);
                if (alreadyThere != null) {
                    object = alreadyThere;
                }
                else {
                    if (shouldPostProcess) {
                        if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                            // Temporarily return non-post-processed object, not storing it yet..
                            return object;
                        }
                        beforeSingletonCreation(beanName);
                        try {
                            object = postProcessObjectFromFactoryBean(object, beanName);
                        }
                        catch (Throwable ex) {
                            throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
                                    "Post-processing of FactoryBean's singleton object failed", ex);
                        }
                        finally {
                            afterSingletonCreation(beanName);
                        }
                    }
                    if (containsSingleton(beanName)) {
                        //将获取到的对象放到factoryBeanObjectCache单例缓存map进行存储
                        this.factoryBeanObjectCache.put(beanName, object);
                    }
                }
            }
            return object;
        }
    }
    else {
        //非单例的处理,直接通过factory.getObejct获取,然后再返回给用户
        Object object = doGetObjectFromFactoryBean(factory, beanName);
        if (shouldPostProcess) {
            try {
                object = postProcessObjectFromFactoryBean(object, beanName);
            }
            catch (Throwable ex) {
                throw new BeanCreationException(beanName, "Post-processing of FactoryBean's object failed", ex);
            }
        }
        return object;
    }
}
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生成bean对象的方法:


private Object doGetObjectFromFactoryBean(final FactoryBean<?> factory, final String beanName)
      throws BeanCreationException {

   Object object;
   try {
      if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
         AccessControlContext acc = getAccessControlContext();
         try {
            object = AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedExceptionAction<Object>) factory::getObject, acc);
         }
         catch (PrivilegedActionException pae) {
            throw pae.getException();
         }
      }
      else {
         object = factory.getObject();//生成对象
      }
   }
   catch (FactoryBeanNotInitializedException ex) {
      throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName, ex.toString());
   }
   catch (Throwable ex) {
      throw new BeanCreationException(beanName, "FactoryBean threw exception on object creation", ex);
   }

   // Do not accept a null value for a FactoryBean that's not fully
   // initialized yet: Many FactoryBeans just return null then.
   if (object == null) {
      if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
         throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(
               beanName, "FactoryBean which is currently in creation returned null from getObject");
      }
      object = new NullBean();
   }
   return object;}
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Spring的实现

Spring中实现这个接口的bean有很多,但是我们最熟悉也是最重要的就是在我之前文章中提到过得ProxyFactoryBean这个bean是实现AOP技术的重点,简单回顾一下吧 1

public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
		initializeAdvisorChain();
		if (isSingleton()) {
			return getSingletonInstance();
		}
		else {
			if (this.targetName == null) {
				logger.warn("Using non-singleton proxies with singleton targets is often undesirable. " +
						"Enable prototype proxies by setting the 'targetName' property.");
			}
			return newPrototypeInstance();
		}
	}
private synchronized Object getSingletonInstance() {
		if (this.singletonInstance == null) {
			this.targetSource = freshTargetSource();
			if (this.autodetectInterfaces && getProxiedInterfaces().length == 0 && !isProxyTargetClass()) {
				// Rely on AOP infrastructure to tell us what interfaces to proxy.
				Class<?> targetClass = getTargetClass();
				if (targetClass == null) {
					throw new FactoryBeanNotInitializedException("Cannot determine target class for proxy");
				}
				setInterfaces(ClassUtils.getAllInterfacesForClass(targetClass, this.proxyClassLoader));
			}
			// Initialize the shared singleton instance.
			super.setFrozen(this.freezeProxy);
			this.singletonInstance = getProxy(createAopProxy());
		}
		return this.singletonInstance;
	}
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目录