引言

Spring中提供了各种Aware接口,方便从上下文中获取当前的运行环境,比较常见的几个子接口有:BeanFactoryAware,BeanNameAware,ApplicationContextAware,EnvironmentAware,BeanClassLoaderAware等,这些Aware的作用都可以从命名得知

Aware处理

其中BeanNameAwareBeanClassLoaderAwareBeanFactoryAware这三个是直接在bean的初始化之前就处理了的,具体代码在AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean方法中:

protected Object initializeBean(String beanName, Object bean, RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
    // 判断对象实现的接口类型,处理特定的三种接口类型:BeanNameAware、BeanClassLoaderAware和BeanFactoryAware。
    if (bean instanceof BeanNameAware) {
        ((BeanNameAware) bean).setBeanName(beanName);
    }
 
    if (bean instanceof BeanClassLoaderAware) {
        ((BeanClassLoaderAware) bean).setBeanClassLoader(getBeanClassLoader());
    }
 
    if (bean instanceof BeanFactoryAware) {
        ((BeanFactoryAware) bean).setBeanFactory(this);
    }
    // 开始Bean初始化前处理、初始化、初始化后处理
    Object wrappedBean = bean;
    if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
        wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
    }
 
    try {
        invokeInitMethods(beanName, wrappedBean, mbd);
    }
    catch (Throwable ex) {
        throw new BeanCreationException(
                (mbd != null ? mbd.getResourceDescription() : null),
                beanName, "Invocation of init method failed", ex);
    }
 
    if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
        wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
    }
    return wrappedBean;
}
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除了这三种之外的那些Aware接口的实现就不太一样了,它们都是利用BeanPostProcessor接口完成的,关于BeanPostProcessor接口的原理可以这篇文章:Spring扩展点之BeanPostProcessor

ApplicationContextAware就是利用ApplicationContextAwareProcessor实现的:

public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(final Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
		AccessControlContext acc = null;

		if (System.getSecurityManager() != null &&
				(bean instanceof EnvironmentAware || bean instanceof EmbeddedValueResolverAware ||
						bean instanceof ResourceLoaderAware || bean instanceof ApplicationEventPublisherAware ||
						bean instanceof MessageSourceAware || bean instanceof ApplicationContextAware)) {
			acc = this.applicationContext.getBeanFactory().getAccessControlContext();
		}

		if (acc != null) {
			AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedAction<Object>) () -> {
			  //具体实现
				invokeAwareInterfaces(bean);
				return null;
			}, acc);
		}
		else {
		  			  //具体实现
			invokeAwareInterfaces(bean);
		}

		return bean;
	}
private void invokeAwareInterfaces(Object bean) {
		if (bean instanceof Aware) {
			if (bean instanceof EnvironmentAware) {
				((EnvironmentAware) bean).setEnvironment(this.applicationContext.getEnvironment());
			}
			if (bean instanceof EmbeddedValueResolverAware) {
				((EmbeddedValueResolverAware) bean).setEmbeddedValueResolver(this.embeddedValueResolver);
			}
			if (bean instanceof ResourceLoaderAware) {
				((ResourceLoaderAware) bean).setResourceLoader(this.applicationContext);
			}
			if (bean instanceof ApplicationEventPublisherAware) {
				((ApplicationEventPublisherAware) bean).setApplicationEventPublisher(this.applicationContext);
			}
			if (bean instanceof MessageSourceAware) {
				((MessageSourceAware) bean).setMessageSource(this.applicationContext);
			}
			if (bean instanceof ApplicationContextAware) {
				((ApplicationContextAware) bean).setApplicationContext(this.applicationContext);
			}
		}
	}
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ApplicationContextAwareProcessor的注册奥秘在AbstractApplicationContext.prepareBeanFactory方法中:

beanFactory.setBeanClassLoader(getClassLoader());
beanFactory.addPropertyEditorRegistrar(new ResourceEditorRegistrar(this));
 beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationContextAwareProcessor(this)); 
beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ResourceLoaderAware.class);
beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationEventPublisherAware.class);
beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(MessageSourceAware.class);
beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationContextAware.class);
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目录