前言

BeanFactoryPostProcessor接口是Spring中一个非常重要的接口,它的接口定义如下

public interface BeanFactoryPostProcessor {
	void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException;
}
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当你实现了这个接口的时候,可以对还没有初始化的bean的属性进行修改或添加

BeanFactoryPostProcessor注册

BeanPostProcessor的统一注册不同,BeanFactoryPostProcessor的注册是留给具体的业务实现的。它的维护是在AbstractApplicationContext类中

    private final List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> beanFactoryPostProcessors = 
new ArrayList<>();

	public void addBeanFactoryPostProcessor(BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor) {
		Assert.notNull(postProcessor, "BeanFactoryPostProcessor must not be null");
		this.beanFactoryPostProcessors.add(postProcessor);
	}
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执行原理

调用逻辑在AbstractApplicationContext.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法中 这个方法比较长,可以重点关注我添加注释的地方


protected void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory, getBeanFactoryPostProcessors());
		if (beanFactory.getTempClassLoader() == null && beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
			beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		}
	}

public static void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(
        ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory, List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> beanFactoryPostProcessors) {
 
    Set<String> processedBeans = new HashSet<String>();
 
    // 1.判断beanFactory是否为BeanDefinitionRegistry,在这里普通的beanFactory是DefaultListableBeanFactory,而DefaultListableBeanFactory实现了BeanDefinitionRegistry接口,因此这边为true
    if (beanFactory instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistry) {
        BeanDefinitionRegistry registry = (BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory;
        List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> regularPostProcessors = new LinkedList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
        List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> registryProcessors = new LinkedList<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor>();
 
        // 2.处理入参beanFactoryPostProcessors
        for (BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor : beanFactoryPostProcessors) {
            if (postProcessor instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) {
                BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor registryProcessor =
                        (BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) postProcessor;
               // 如果是BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor则直接执行BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor接口的postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry方法
                registryProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
                registryProcessors.add(registryProcessor);
            } else {
                regularPostProcessors.add(postProcessor);
            }
        }
 
        List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> currentRegistryProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor>();
 
        // 3找出所有实现BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor接口的Bean的beanName
        String[] postProcessorNames =
                beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
        for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
            // 校验是否实现了PriorityOrdered接口
            if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
                //  获取对应的bean实例, 添加到currentRegistryProcessors中,
                currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
                processedBeans.add(ppName);
            }
        }
        // 排序(根据是否实现PriorityOrdered、Ordered接口和order值来排序)
        sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
        registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
        // 遍历currentRegistryProcessors, 执行postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry方法
        invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
        // 清空currentRegistryProcessors
        currentRegistryProcessors.clear();
 
        // 4.与上边3的流程差不多,这是这里处理的是实现Ordered接口
        postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
        for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
            if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName) && beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
                currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
                processedBeans.add(ppName);
            }
        }
        sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
        registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
        invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
        currentRegistryProcessors.clear();
 
        // 5.调用所有剩下的BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors
        boolean reiterate = true;
        while (reiterate) {
            reiterate = false;
            // 找出所有实现BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor接口的类
            postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
            for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
                // 跳过已经执行过的
                if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
                    currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
                    processedBeans.add(ppName);
                    reiterate = true;
                }
            }
            sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
            registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
            // 5遍历currentRegistryProcessors, 执行postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry方法
            invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
            currentRegistryProcessors.clear();
        }
 
        // 6.调用所有BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanFactory方法
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryProcessors, beanFactory);
        // 7.最后, 调用入参beanFactoryPostProcessors中的普通BeanFactoryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanFactory方法
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(regularPostProcessors, beanFactory);
    } else {
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactoryPostProcessors, beanFactory);
    }
 
    // 到这里 , 入参beanFactoryPostProcessors和容器中的所有BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor已经全部处理完毕,
    // 下面开始处理容器中的所有BeanFactoryPostProcessor
 
    // Do not initialize FactoryBeans here: We need to leave all regular beans
    // uninitialized to let the bean factory post-processors apply to them!
    // 8.找出所有实现BeanFactoryPostProcessor接口的类
    String[] postProcessorNames =
            beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
 
    // Separate between BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered,
    // Ordered, and the rest.
    // 用于存放实现了PriorityOrdered接口的BeanFactoryPostProcessor
    List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
    // 用于存放实现了Ordered接口的BeanFactoryPostProcessor的beanName
    List<String> orderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<String>();
    // 用于存放普通BeanFactoryPostProcessor的beanName
    List<String> nonOrderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<String>();
    // 8.1 遍历postProcessorNames, 将BeanFactoryPostProcessor按实现PriorityOrdered、实现Ordered接口、普通三种区分开
    for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
        // 8.2 跳过已经执行过的
        if (processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
            // skip - already processed in first phase above
        } else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
            // 8.3 添加实现了PriorityOrdered接口的BeanFactoryPostProcessor
            priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
        } else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
            // 8.4 添加实现了Ordered接口的BeanFactoryPostProcessor的beanName
            orderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
        } else {
            // 8.5 添加剩下的普通BeanFactoryPostProcessor的beanName
            nonOrderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
        }
    }
 
    // First, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
    // 9.调用所有实现PriorityOrdered接口的BeanFactoryPostProcessor
    // 9.1 对priorityOrderedPostProcessors排序
    sortPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
    // 9.2 遍历priorityOrderedPostProcessors, 执行postProcessBeanFactory方法
    invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
 
    // Next, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
    // 10.调用所有实现Ordered接口的BeanFactoryPostProcessor
    List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
    for (String postProcessorName : orderedPostProcessorNames) {
        // 10.1 获取postProcessorName对应的bean实例, 添加到orderedPostProcessors, 准备执行
        orderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
    }
    // 10.2 对orderedPostProcessors排序
    sortPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
    // 10.3 遍历orderedPostProcessors, 执行postProcessBeanFactory方法
    invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
 
    // Finally, invoke all other BeanFactoryPostProcessors.
    // 11.调用所有剩下的BeanFactoryPostProcessor
    List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> nonOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
    for (String postProcessorName : nonOrderedPostProcessorNames) {
        // 11.1 获取postProcessorName对应的bean实例, 添加到nonOrderedPostProcessors, 准备执行
        nonOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
    }
    // 11.2 遍历nonOrderedPostProcessors, 执行postProcessBeanFactory方法
    invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(nonOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
 
    // Clear cached merged bean definitions since the post-processors might have
    // modified the original metadata, e.g. replacing placeholders in values...
    // 12.清除元数据缓存(mergedBeanDefinitions、allBeanNamesByType、singletonBeanNamesByType),
    // 因为后处理器可能已经修改了原始元数据,例如, 替换值中的占位符...
    beanFactory.clearMetadataCache();
}
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细心的同学可能会发现上方还出现了一个BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor,这个东东其实是BeanFactoryPostProcessor的特殊实习,观察调用它的方法可以看到它需要一个参数:BeanDefinitionRegistry,通过这个参数可以更为方便的去做一些自定义bean的操作

总结一下上方的逻辑:

  1. BeanFactoryPostProcessorBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor,分别放入两个集合
  2. 分别进行排序处理
  3. 按照优先级分别调用invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessorsinvokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法
  4. 这两个invoke方法相信你可以想象的到无非就是循环调用这些实现类对应的方法

Spring的实现

查看这个接口的继承体系,可以看到这个接口的实现类是非常多的,各个实现类的功能如果感兴趣大家可以去慢慢挖掘一下 2

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目录